The IIA1 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes CD49e, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein which is also known as Integrin α5 Chain or VLA-5 α chain (VLA-5α). Following translation, CD49e is cleaved into two disulfide-linked chains of 135 and 25 kDa that associate with β1 integrin (CD29) to form the VLA-5 (Integrin α5/β1) complex. The VLA-5 complex is a well-established fibronectin receptor that is expressed on many cell types, including fibroblasts, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, platelets, thymocytes, T cells, B cells, the myeloid cell line U937, K562 and some melanoma cell lines. This clone inhibits α5β1 binding of ligands. It is useful for studies of the expression and function of this integrin.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon™ BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon™ BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon™ BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.