The 50C1 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human CD371 which is also known as Clec12A (C-type lectin domain family 12 member A), C-type lectin-like molecule 1 (CLL-1), myeloid inhibitory C-type lectin-like receptor (MICL), or dendritic cell-associated lectin 2 (DCAL-2). It is expressed on a variety of cells including monocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and granulocytes and perhaps some NK cells. Clec12A is a member of the C-type lectin/C-type lectin-like domain (CTL/CTLD) superfamily. It is a 30 kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein that has one single C-type lectin-like domain and one cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM). Clec12A has similarity with the β-glucan receptor (Dectin-1) and LOX-1 with high N-glycosylation. There are at least five isoforms due to alternative transcript splicing. Signaling through Clec12A can induce internalization of Clec12A, dendritic cell maturation and the production of cytokines including IL-12. Clec12A may also serve as a negative regulator of activated leukocytes recruited to sites of inflammation.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV496 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 496-nm. BD Horizon BUV496 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 515/30 nm filter with a 450LP. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be significant spillover into the channel detecting BD Horizon V500 or BV510 (eg, 525/40-nm filter). However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.