The 7H11 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse CD370 which is also known as DNGR-1 (Dendritic cell natural killer lectin group receptor 1). CD370 is an ~27 kDa single-pass type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by Clec9A (C-type lectin domain family member 9A) which belongs to the C-type lectin superfamily. CD370 (Clec9a) is selectively expressed as a disulfide-linked homodimer on plasmacytoid dendritic cells and CD8+ myeloid dendritic cells. This receptor is comprised of an extracellular region that contains a C-type lectin domain with a single carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD), followed by a transmembrane segment and a cytoplasmic tail with an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). CD370 (Clec9a) acts as a damage-associated molecular pattern receptor, ie, an endocytic receptor for damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) that are expressed by necrotic cells, eg, cells dying due to infection or transformation. This receptor binds by its extracellular domain to exposed F-actin-myosin complexes of dead cells. Intracellular signaling mediated through ligand-bound CD370 (Clec9a) leads to phosphorylation of Syk tyrosine kinase. Further downstream signaling can foster MHC Class I-mediated cross-presentation of dead-cell associated antigens by dendritic cells to CD8+ T cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon BB700, which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Blue family of dyes. It is a polymer-based tandem dye developed exclusively by BD Biosciences. With an excitation max of 485 nm and an emission max of 693 nm, BD Horizon BB700 can be excited by the 488 nm laser and detected in a standard PerCP-Cy™5.5 set (eg, 695/40-nm filter). This dye provides a much brighter alternative to PerCP-Cy5.5 with less cross laser excitation off the 405 nm and 355 nm lasers.