The 11A8 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes DNAX accessory molecule-1 (DNAM-1) which is also known as CD226, Platelet and T cell activation antigen 1 (PTA1), or T lineage-specific activation antigen 1 antigen (TLiSA1). CD226 is an ~65 kDa type I transmembrane glycoprotein that is encoded by CD226 (CD226 antigen) which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF). The N-terminal extracellular region of CD226 (DNAM-1) contains two C2 type Ig-like domains which are followed by a transmembrane region and a cytoplasmic tail with predicted phosphorylation sites involved in signaling. This adhesion molecule is expressed on subsets of thymocytes, peripheral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and B cells, NK cells, monocytes, macrophages, and platelets. CD226 (DNAM-1) associates with leukocyte function associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) and is involved in TCR-mediated signal transduction for T cell proliferation and differentiation. Interactions between the CD226 (DNAM-1) activating receptor and its ligands, CD112 and CD155, results in cellular signaling that promotes innate and adaptive immune responses, including the activation, differentiation, and survival of cytotoxic cells.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV650 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BV421 with an Ex Max of 405-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 650-nm. BD Horizon BV650 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in a filter used to detect APC-like dyes (eg, 660/20-nm filter). Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there will be spillover into the APC and Alexa Fluor™ 700 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.