The 14.8 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes an exon A-dependent epitope of the CD45 protein, which is found at high density on B cells and at low density on peripheral T cytotoxic/suppressor cells and a very small subset of thymocytes. Nearly all B-lineage cells, including B-cell precursors in fetal liver and adult bone marrow and Ig-secreting cells, but not hematopoietic stem cells or myeloid progenitors, have been reported to be detectable by mAb 14.8. CD45 is a member of the Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (PTP) family: Its intracellular (COOH-terminal) region contains two PTP catalytic domains, and the extracellular region is highly variable due to alternative splicing of exons 4, 5, and 6 (designated A, B, and C, respectively), plus, differing levels of glycosylation. The CD45 isoforms detected in the mouse are cell type-, maturation-, and activation state-specific. The CD45 isoforms play complex roles in T-cell and B-cell antigen receptor signal transduction. mAb 14.8 has been reported to enhance the proliferative effect of PHA on purified spleen T cells, possibly by replacing a signal normally delivered by accessory cells, to enhance isotype switching during in vitro B-cell responses, and to inhibit antigen-induced p21 [ras] activation.