The 11F2 monoclonal antibody specifically reacts with a framework epitope of the γ/δ TCR. The γ/δ TCR is a heterodimeric glycoprotein that is noncovalently associated with the CD3 antigen complex. The γ and δ TCR chains are composed of constant and variable regions, each encoded by distinct gene segments. The γ chain forms either disulfide-linked or non-disulfide-linked heterodimers with the δ-subunit. TCR γ/δ is present on a minor subset of T lymphocytes in peripheral blood, thymus, spleen, and lymph node. TCR γ/δ-positive T lymphocytes comprise 1% to 9% of normal peripheral blood lymphocytes and less than 2% of normal thymocytes. The 11F2 antibody is mitogenic for γ/δ-TCR-bearing T lymphocytes.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BV421 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Violet family of dyes. With an Ex Max of 407-nm and Em Max at 421-nm, BD Horizon BV421 can be excited by the violet laser and detected in the standard Pacific Blue™ filter set (eg, 450/50-nm filter). BD Horizon BV421 conjugates are very bright, often exhibiting a 10 fold improvement in brightness compared to Pacific Blue conjugates.