The 17G10.2 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to human Immunoglobulin Like Transcript 7 (ILT7), also known as CD85g. The ILT7 protein is encoded by the LILRA4 (Leukocyte Immunoglobulin Like Receptor subfamily A member 4) gene. ILT7 is a member of immunoglobulin-like transcripts (ILT) or leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LIR) gene family. ILT7 is selectively expressed on plasmacytoid dendrtic cells (pDC) but not on myeloid dendritic cells or other peripheral blood leukocytes. In response to IL-3, IL-3 receptor complex signaling downregulates ILT7 expression by pDC. ILT7 associates with the FcεRIγ signal adapter protein to form a receptor complex that can signal through activation of an immunoreceptor-based tyrosine activation motif (ITAM)-mediated signaling pathway. Signaling through the ILT7-FcεRIγ receptor complex negatively regulates the innate immune functions of pDC. ILT7 crosslinking inhibits TLR responses by pDC such as the stimulated production of type I interferon and other cytokines. Bone marrow stromal cell antigen 2 (BST2) has been identified as a biological ligand for ILT7.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV661 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 with an Ex Max of 348-nm and an acceptor dye with an Em Max at 661-nm. BD Horizon Brilliant BUV661 can be excited by the ultraviolet laser (355 nm) and detected with a 670/25 filter and a 630 nm LP. Due to cross laser excitation of this dye, there may be significant spillover into channels detecting APC-like emissions (eg, 670/25-nm filter).
Due to spectral differences between labeled cells and beads, using BD™ CompBeads can result in incorrect spillover values when used with BD Horizon BUV661 reagents. Therefore, the use of BD CompBeads or BD CompBeads Plus to determine spillover values for these reagents is not recommended. Different BUV661 reagents (eg, CD4 vs. CD45) can have slightly different fluorescence spillover therefore, it may also be necessary to use clone-specific compensation controls when using these reagents.