The 4A6 monoclonal antibody specifically recognizes mouse PDC-TREM, also known as TREM-4, which is a member of the Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells (TREM) family of protein-binding receptors that regulate innate immune responses. Stimulation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) through toll-like receptors (TLRs) induces type I interferon production and PDC-TREM expression. Cell-surface expression and immune regulatory signaling by PDC-TREM require its association with Plexin-A1 and DNAX-activation Protein 12 (DAP12) and further augments type I interferon production by pDCs.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.