APC Rat Anti-Mouse CD274
Clone MIH5 (RUO)
- Brand BD Pharmingen™
- Alternative Name B7-H1, PD-L1; PD1L1; Programmed death ligand 1
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Rat SD, also known as Sprague-Dawley (outbred) IgG2a, λ
- Reactivity Mouse (QC Testing)
Flow cytometry (Routinely Tested)
- Immunogen DBA/2 mouse lymphoma L5178Y transfected with Pdcd1lg1 cDNA
- Entrez Gene ID 60533
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The MIH5 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD274, also known as B7-H1 or PDL1, a 43-kDa glycoprotein encoded by the Pdcd1lg1 gene of the B7 family of the Ig superfamily. Pdcd1lg1 mRNA is expressed in more tissues than other members of the B7 family; transcripts are found in lymphoid tissues and many, but not all, non-lymphoid tissues. The protein has been detected at low levels on resting peripheral T and B lymphocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. B7-H1 mRNA and protein expression are upregulated upon activation of T and B cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, and epidermal keratinocytes by a variety of stimulatory factors. B7-H1's receptor, PD-1, contains an ITIM (Immunoreceptor Tyrosine-based Inhibitory Motif) on its intracytoplasmic region and is expressed on activated B and T lymphocytes, suggesting that B7-H1-PD-1 interaction may be involved in the negative regulation of immune responses. The second PD-1 ligand, B7-DC (PD-L2), is also a member of the B7 family of the Ig superfamily. Furthermore, B7-H1 may participate in positive immunoregulation, or costimulation of T cells, through an additional receptor, which is not PD-1 and distinct from the alternate receptor for B7-DC. The MIH5 antibody blocks the binding of PD-1-Ig to B7-H1 transfectants.
Allophycocyanin (APC), is an accessory photosynthetic pigment found in blue-green algae. Its molecular weight is approximately 105 kDa. APC has six phycocyanobilin chromophores per molecule, which makes it a very bright fluorochrome that is highly suitable for flow cytometry applications. Due to nearly identical excitation and emission properties but different spillover characteristics, APC and Alexa Fluor® 647 cannot be used simultaneously
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated to APC under optimum conditions, and unconjugated antibody and free APC were removed.
- Since applications vary, each investigator should titrate the reagent to obtain optimal results.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- This APC-conjugated reagent can be used in any flow cytometer equipped with a dye, HeNe, or red diode laser.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/pharmingen/protocols for technical protocols.