BUV563 Mouse Anti-Human CD222
Clone MEM-238 (RUO)
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- Alternative Name IGF2R; IGF-IIR; IGF-II Receptor; CIMPR; M6PR; MPR1; MPRI; M6P-R
- Concentration 0.2 mg/ml
- Isotype Mouse IgG1
- Reactivity Human (Tested in Development)
Flow cytometry (Qualified)
- Immunogen Human Recombinant Vaccinia virus encoding CD222
- Workshop No. VII 70640
- Storage Buffer Aqueous buffered solution containing ≤0.09% sodium azide.
- Regulatory Status RUO
Regulatory Status Legend
The MEM-238 monoclonal antibody specifically binds to CD222, which is also known as the Insulin-like growth factor 2 Receptor (IGF2R, IGF-II Receptor), Cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CIMPR), or Mannose-6 phosphate receptor (M6PR). CD222 is ubiquitously expressed by a variety of cell types as a cell surface type I transmembrane glycoprotein. However, in the course of receptor trafficking between the cell surface and intracellular compartments, the majority of CD222 is found within cells. Cell surface CD222 functions as a multifunctional receptor that binds to a large number of extracellular ligands including acid hydrolases, insulin-like growth factors, latent TGF-β, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), proliferin, prorenin, plasminogen, and Herpes simplex virus. It regulates extracellular Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II/IGF-2) levels by binding and internalizing the growth factor for lysosomal degradation. This effectively removes IGF-II from the circulation and tissues and thus prevents it from signaling through the growth-stimulatory Insulin-like growth factor I Receptor (IGF-1R, CD221) pathway. However, studies have reported that IGF-II may activate some cellular functions through CD222 as well. A soluble form of the CD222 extracellular region can also be detected in human serum and may play a role in regulating IGF-II activity. CD222 serves as a surface receptor for latent TGFβ and can complex with plasminogen and CD87, a urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor, to activate latent TGF-β. CD222 also binds to a variety of Mannose 6-phosphate (M6P)-containing proteins, including extracellular and newly-synthesized lysosomal enzymes, and transports them to lysosomes.
The antibody was conjugated to BD Horizon™ BUV563 which is part of the BD Horizon Brilliant™ Ultraviolet family of dyes. This dye is a tandem fluorochrome of BD Horizon BUV395 which has an Ex Max of 348 nm and an acceptor dye. The tandem has an Em Max at 563 nm. BD Horizon BUV563 can be excited by the 355 nm ultraviolet laser. On instruments with a 561 nm Yellow-Green laser, the recommended bandpass filter is 585/15 nm with a 535 nm long pass to minimize laser light leakage. When BD Horizon BUV563 is used with an instrument that does not have a 561 nm laser, a 560/40 nm filter with a 535 nm long pass may be more optimal. Due to the excitation and emission characteristics of the acceptor dye, there may be spillover into the PE and PE-CF594 detectors. However, the spillover can be corrected through compensation as with any other dye combination.
BUV563 is a tandem fluorochrome that combines BD Horizon BUV395 and an acceptor dye with an EM Max at 563 nm. Due to the excitation of the acceptor dye by other laser lines, there may be spillover into channels detecting PE (eg, 575/26-nm filter) and PE-CF594 (eg, 610/20-nm filter). BUV563 has been exclusively developed by BD Biosciences for instruments equipped with a 355-nm UV laser.
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Preparation and Storage
Store undiluted at 4°C and protected from prolonged exposure to light. Do not freeze.
The monoclonal antibody was purified from tissue culture supernatant or ascites by affinity chromatography.
The antibody was conjugated with BD Horizon BUV563 under optimal conditions that minimize unconjugated dye and antibody.
- This antibody was developed for use in flow cytometry.
- The production process underwent stringent testing and validation to assure that it generates a high-quality conjugate with consistent performance and specific binding activity. However, verification testing has not been performed on all conjugate lots.
- Researchers should determine the optimal concentration of this reagent for their individual applications.
- An isotype control should be used at the same concentration as the antibody of interest.
- Caution: Sodium azide yields highly toxic hydrazoic acid under acidic conditions. Dilute azide compounds in running water before discarding to avoid accumulation of potentially explosive deposits in plumbing.
- For fluorochrome spectra and suitable instrument settings, please refer to our Multicolor Flow Cytometry web page at www.bdbiosciences.com/colors.
- Please refer to www.bdbiosciences.com/us/s/resources for technical protocols.
- BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer is covered by one or more of the following US patents: 8,110,673; 8,158,444; 8,575,303; 8,354,239.
For optimal and reproducible results, BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer should be used anytime two or more BD Horizon Brilliant dyes (including BD OptiBuild Brilliant reagents) are used in the same experiment. Fluorescent dye interactions may cause staining artifacts which may affect data interpretation. The BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer was designed to minimize these interactions. More information can be found in the Technical Data Sheet of the BD Horizon Brilliant Stain Buffer (Cat. No. 563794).